An Alliance is Formed
This map shows the territory in which Japan was looking to expand in the south.
On September 4, Matsuoka drew up the preliminary arrangement for the Tripartite Pact, which would involve the alliance of the three main Axis powers, Japan, Germany, and Italy. The main term of the Pact was, America had to remain neutral. For Germany it was to provide a quick victory against England and allow them to carry out their plans to attack Russia, and for Japan it meant they were able to expand south without American interference. Japan also hoped to gain from this alliance improved relations with Russia through German mediation. Hitler already had his plans in place to attack Russia and wanted to avoid an early conflict so a claus was placed in the Tripartite Pact that stated the political relations between Germany, Italy, or Japan and Russia would go unchanged by the signing of the Pact and that the goal was directed toward the US. On September 25, 1940 Germany approved the final copy of the Pact written by Matsuoka, was later that day accepted by Italy, and was approved by Japan on the 26th.
Pictured: (clockwise)Rippentrop, Kurusu, and Hitler
The Tripartite Pact was signed by Rippentrop, for Germany, Ciano, Italy's Minister of Propaganda, for Italy, and Kurusu, for Japan, on September 27, 1940 in Berlin. The military alliance of the Axis powers was now final.
The Minister of Propaganda, who signed the Pact for Italy, Ciano
1. Japan recognizes and respects the leadership of Germany and Italy
in the establishment of a new world order in Europe.
Along with these six articles, a secret set of terms was given and not released to the public. They included the following conditions:
1. Joint Military and Naval commissions, and a joint economic commission
were to be organized at Tokyo and Berlin.
Left: Hitler and Mussolini ; Right: Hitler shaking hands with General Oshima
The reaction to the Pact was one of great joy throughout the nations involved. The Tripartite Pact was the foundation for which the relations between Germany and Japan were built and carried the two sides all away to the end of the war.
This exhibit was researched and designed by [Scott Wolfrom].
This exhibit and museum were created during an introductory seminar on the Asia-Pacific War, taught at Wake Forest University during the spring semester 2002.
The material and opinions are those of their respective authors and do not represent the views of the University or the Department of History.